Tongue, Lips and Cheeks have become popular for many teens and adults ton consider for piercing. Local and systemic infections as well as foreign body rejection can occur with these piercings. Swelling, Tooth fracture, and keloid formation have occurred with regularity in the tongue and cheek areas. Studs, Rings, Hoops and barbells are popular for use with piercings.
Body piercing jewelry is usually made of stainless steel, gold, nickel covered by gold, or alloys. There can be an allergic reaction to nickel products especially if someone is predisposed to a nickel allergy.
Also worth mentioning are oral tattoos. These are usually found on the inside of the lower lip and may be found on the upper lip also. Due to the high moisture content of the mouth, together with acid in saliva and food, these tattoos need constant touch up as they will disappear in as short as one year. The most common complication is damage to the lip veins which are under the lip tissue and smudging of the ink onto the lips after the procedure. Because of limited space, most the tattoos contain a short name and or initials of a loved one.